URL Full Form: What is the full form of URL?

When it comes to the Internet and browsing, the term URL is quite common. When browsing through the web, people use the URL all the time but most people do not even notice it. Although the term URL is heavily used in the field of computers and the Internet, most people do not even know the full form of URL.

URL Full Form

In this article, we are discussing the basic concepts of URLs, such as what is a URL full form, what is a URL, what does it contain, its syntax, and more.

What is the full form of URL?

URL stands for “Uniform Resource Locator”. In context to HTTP and Hypertext, URL is known as one of the core concepts of the Web. It is nothing but a simple technique that is used to retrieve any published resource on the web. The full form of URL can be explained as:

U Uniform
R Resource
L Locator

Let’s talk about what URL is:

What is URL?

The URL is the address of the resource or link to the resource on the web. Each valid URL points to a specific address that connects to a unique resource on the Internet. This can include many types of resources, such as an HTML page, a CSS document, an image, etc. When a URL is used within a link with http or https, it is known as a web address.

In other words, the URL is the character string or specific address used to access particular data from any resource on the Internet. A URL is a type of uniform resource identifier (also called 'URI'). URL and its resources are managed by the owner of the webserver. The owner is responsible to carefully manage the resources and create and associate URLs accordingly. 

Note: URL was introduced in 1994 by Tim Berners-Lee and the Internet Engineering Working Group.


What URL contains?

Each URL includes the following information:

The name of the network protocol
A colon followed by the double forward slashes, such as ://
A hostname (called domain name in general) or IP address
A single colon followed by a port number
The complete path of the resource (file)

Syntax of URL

The basic syntax of URL looks like this:

Protocol://hostname/Resource path or filename
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Where,

Protocol

A protocol is the starting part of any URL. It is defined as the basic set of rules that help electronic devices to communicate together. To be specific, it tells the web browser to form a connection over specific protocols (such as http:// or https://). 

Hostname

The hostname denotes the server name on the network.


Resource Path or Filename 

It denotes the path of the file (pathname or filename) on the server.

All these components jointly form the URL structure.

Example of URL

A simple example of a URL is displayed below:

https://www.tutorialsmate.com/2020/10/url-full-form.html
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In the above URL:

Protocol – https
Hostname or Domain name – www.tutorialsmate.com
Resource Path (or File/ Filename) – /2010/10/url-full-form.html
 
URL Full Form - URL Contents (www.tutorialsmate.com)
A URL is usually entered into the given address bar of the web browsers. In case we enter the wrong domain name or a server, the browser returns the error, such as 'error 404 page not found’, or ‘Server not found’. Since URL does not support spaces and already contains forward slashes, we are only allowed to use dashes and underscores to separate the words of the web file. 


URL Vs URI

The URL and URI are not the same. The URL is an abbreviation used for "Uniform Resource Locator", while URI is an abbreviation used for "Uniform Resource Identifier". URI is a generic term used for each identity and address, which displays objects on WWW (World Wide Web). It is basically a sequence of characters that identifies a logical resource or the name and particular path of a resource file in a uniform format. 

Summary

URL (stands for 'Uniform Resource Locator') is one of the key concepts of the web that helps web browsers to retrieve published resources via the web, according to the user’s choice. It is nothing but an address of the particular resource on the Web. 


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