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Difference between Webpage and Website

Webpage and website are two common terms in internet browsing and web. Both of these are linked to the SERP (Search Engine Results Page) and allow users to find relevant information. Although both the terms are used interchangeably, there are significant differences between the webpages and websites.

Difference between Webpage and Website

This article differentiates webpage and website, to help us understand when we navigate a webpage and when a website. Before we compare webpage and website, let us first understand both with their brief definitions:


What is a Webpage?

As the name suggests, a webpage is a solitary page or a document of any website on the Internet. Each webpage is associated with a unique address, called a URL. The URL can be accessed and rendered through web-browsers (such as Google Chrome, Firefox, Microsoft Edge, etc.) without the need for any source navigation. 

Web browsers help to display webpage content by connecting to an appropriate server of remote files. Although webpages do not require a navigational structure to be accessible, most developers link them to a website to create a structured user interface and rigid sitemap. It mainly helps in Search Engine Optimization (SEO).

Webpages are created using programming languages, such as HTML, CSS, JavaScript, etc. HTML webpages have a simpler interface and are mainly used to establish the basic structure, while CSS helps to make webpages interactive with colors and designs. JavaScript, on the other hand, helps to make webpages dynamic with rules or validation. 


Depending on the requirements and the preferences of the developer, the webpage may contain text, graphics, audio, video, and hyperlinks to other webpages. Besides, there are two different types of webpages, namely static webpages and dynamic webpages.

Characteristics of Webpage

The following are the main characteristics of the Webpage:

Multiple webpages may contain similar titles and contents; however, they must have different URLs.
Webpages are always associated or hosted under a specific domain address or website address.
Webpages are easy to create and take less time.

What is a Website?

A website generally refers to a central location under a unique domain that groups multiple webpages with unique hyperlinks. Websites mainly consist of general and contextual sections, which further link to other related webpages. Websites are also created using web-based programming languages similar to webpages. But, building a good website requires more time and knowledge.

Websites can be accessed through web-browsers. Web browsers request to get the required files or documents which help in building the website. Such files or documents are hosted on computers, which are named servers. The server responds to requests made by web-browsers and sends the desired data to the browser to render the website. 

Websites can be of two types: static and interactive. Static websites only provide information or resources without involving or interacting with users. In contrast, interactive websites provide information and allow users to interact using chatboxes, comment boxes, article submissions, etc. 


There are different categories of websites, such as social networking websites, dating websites, affiliate websites, e-commerce websites, non-profit and government websites, etc. A typical website includes hyperlinks to pages, such as the homepage, about us, contact us, services, products, and more.

Note: Generally, websites have multiple webpages such as homepage, about, contact, privacy policy, blog, forum, etc. However, it is not mandatory. Websites can also be created as single entity content with no hyperlinks to other webpages. Such websites are called ‘single page websites’.

Characteristics of Website

The following are the main characteristics of the Website:

A website is a collection of webpages with texts, media, and other content.
Each website has its unique domain address and all the respective webpages are created under a corresponding domain.
Websites are complex to develop and take more time.

Webpage Vs Website: Key Differences

Let us list down some of the major differences between webpage and website:

A webpage is defined as a small component of a website that contains various resources and links to other webpages. In contrast, a website is defined as a platform that contains relevant webpages addressed to specific URLs.

A webpage is a single record or a document on the web. In contrast, a website is a collection of documents linked under a unique domain.

A webpage address depends on the website address and is associated with the specific domain name or address. But, a website does not depend on any of its webpages and can run independently even if some pages are removed. 


A webpage address usually ends with an extension, such as .html, .htm, .aspx, .php, etc. On the other hand, there is no file extension at the end of the website address.

Webpages typically contain single entity content, whereas websites contain content from different entities. 

Webpage designing, development, and maintenance are relatively easy and takes less time. On the other hand, a website is complex to design, develop and maintain, hence it takes more time as compared to webpage.

Note: Webpage is also known as 'page' and 'web page'. Likewise, a Website is also known as 'site' and 'web site'. Both (the webpage and the website) can be public or private, depending on how the developer or admin has configured the preferences. 

Difference between Webpage and Website

Difference Between Webpage and Website

Let’s discuss the differences between Webpage and Website side by side with the help of the following comparison chart (in a tabular form):

Webpage Website
A webpage refers to a small part of a website and may contain various contents, such as text, media, and hyperlinks to other webpages. A website refers to a collection of multiple webpages linked together under a unique solitary domain. It may or may not contain other resources depending on the requirements.
A webpage is a single document on the Internet that is linked to a specific URL under the respective domain. A website is a collection of several documents associated with a specific domain.
Webpage is the content that is displayed on the website. A website is a place to put and display content.
A webpage usually contains content related to a single entity type. A website usually contains content related to different entities.
Webpage addresses typically include a protocol, domain name, domain extension, and file or resource path along with the file extension. Website addresses usually include a protocol, domain name, and domain extension without the file/resource path.
A webpage can be accessed normally by navigating through the respective website or by browsing through the URL directly in a web browser. A website can be accessed by navigating through a domain address in web browsers.
The web page address is dependent on the website address and must be associated with the respective website address or domain. The website address is independent of the webpage, which means it does not depend on the address of the webpage.
Webpages cannot function without the website address/domain. Websites can work on their own. Even if some webpages get deleted, the website continues to work with all other linked webpages.
Creating a webpage is not that complicated. Websites are complicated to build.
Since creating a webpage is not complicated, it requires less time and knowledge to develop. Since building a website is complex, it requires comparatively more time and knowledge to develop.
Common examples of webpages are login page, sign up page, about page, contact page, privacy policy, sitemap, etc. Common examples of websites are Amazon.com, Quora.com, Wikipedia.org, Tutorialsmate.com, etc.


What is the main difference between a webpage and a website?

A webpage refers to a single document on the Internet with a unique URL address. Furthermore, a website refers to a cluster of multiple webpages with information on different topics or products linked under a unique domain address. This is the fundamental difference between a webpage and a website.

Understanding Webpage and Website with an Example

To understand a webpage and a website better, let us differentiate them with the help of an example. Let's consider a book with a unique title that has pages with unique page numbers. In this case, a book may be referred to as a website with a unique domain address (i.e., a book title). Furthermore, a book also has many pages with unique numbers, such as 1, 2, 3… etc. Book pages can be referred to as webpages with specific URL addresses (i.e., 1, 2, 3...and so on).

Apart from the above example, we can also distinguish the difference between a web page and web site with a live example. 

For example:

https://www.tutorialsmate.com/
Scroll ⇀

This is our domain and it is a website.

Besides, the URL we are currently reading is:

https://www.tutorialsmate.com/2021/07/difference-between-webpage-and-website.html
Scroll ⇀

It is a webpage of the website Tutorialsmate.com. 

Specifically, a webpage is nothing but a linked page of a specific website.

Difference between Webpage and Website

Summary

The purpose of both a webpage and a website is to help provide the desired information to users in different categories on the Internet, but there are many differences. A webpage is a smaller part of a website that includes text, media, and hyperlinks to other pages. On the other hand, a website is a group of many webpages of relevant topics addressed to particular URLs.


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Fifth generation of computer: AI and ULSI

The fifth generation of computers is by far the most successful generation of computers. In this generation, there have been significant changes in computer technology that make computers extraordinary. Although the fifth generation is in progress, computers have received several major benefits compared to their predecessors.

Fifth Generation of Computer

This article discusses about the fifth generation of computers, its history, examples, features, advantages, and disadvantages, etc. Let's understand this:

What You Will Learn


What is the fifth generation of Computer?

Instead of VLSI technology used in fourth-generation computers, fifth-generation computers received a major upgrade and VLSI technology was replaced with ULSI (Ultra Large Scale Integration) technology. This revolutionized the development of microprocessors. This helped manufacturers assemble around ten million electronic components on a microprocessor chip.

In addition to ULSI technology, fifth-generation computers were also based on AI (artificial intelligence), which is still in the development stage, and parallel processing hardware. Artificial intelligence is an emerging technology in computer science that primarily helps to make computers more realistic. This means that it enables computers to think like humans; however, there is still room for much improvement.

The period of the fifth generation of computers is considered from 1980 to the present day, which simply means that the fifth generation is the ongoing generation of computers. Nowadays computers are using ULSI circuits, AI software, and parallel processing hardware. The main objective of all these technologies is to introduce technology in computers that can respond to natural languages.

Fifth Generation of Computer - AI


Artificial intelligence is a very broad category in computer science that incorporates various other technologies. Some of the main elements in AI include the following:

Robotics
Neural networking
Natural language understanding and generation
Game playing
Development of advanced systems that can take decisions based on real-life situations

Fifth-generation computers are incorporated with logic programming and massively parallel computing. In terms of programming languages, all high-level languages are used in fifth generation computers. Some of the most common languages are C, C ++, Java, .Net, etc. In addition, multi-threaded and distributed operating systems are used in fifth generation computers, which help in easy multitasking. 

Examples of Fifth Generation Computers

One of the most popular examples of artificial intelligence in computer technology was 'Watson', introduced around 2011 by IBM. It was software running on a computer and was featured as a contestant on the TV show Jeopardy. It was able to answer various questions, yet was based entirely on unstructured data and lacked the ability to think like humans. It eventually led the development to create a new generation of technology.

Nowadays there are many applications based on AI and now it is being combined with computer internal processing and networking systems. For example, the voice recognition feature is a very small type of functionality that works on AI. Siri used in Apple's iPhone and Cortana on Windows computers are some of the software that work on speech recognition. Besides, Google also uses AI to process better search engine results and display ads based on users' interests.

Fifth Generation of the Computer - Laptop

There are many potential applications of artificial intelligence that are included in fifth-generation devices. Some common examples of fifth-generation computers are listed below:

Desktop
Laptop
NoteBook
ChromeBook
UltraBook
Tablet, etc.

Characteristics of Fifth Generation Computers

Some essential characteristics or features of the fifth generation computers are as follows:

Use of ULSI technology
Advancement in true AI-based technology
Improvements in Parallel Processing
Use of Natural language processing
Advanced superconductor techniques
Highly user-friendly interfaces including the multimedia support
Use of Optical fiber in manufacturing circuits
Advancement in storage capacity and speed with HDD and SSD
Advancement in  computer networks and the Internet

Advantages of Fifth Generation Computers

Some of the advantages of the fifth generation of computers are listed below:


Due to the use of AI in fifth generation computers, computers have been able to understand human language and can also recognize pictures of individuals and things.

Fifth-generation computers are very compact in size and can be easily carried from one place to another. Besides, they are also available in various sizes and features.

The speed of computer systems in the fifth generation is much better than the previous generation computers. Also, they are more reliable and accurate.

The user interface in fifth generation computers is very friendly, making them easy to operate.

There is no major heating issue in fifth generation computers.

Computers developed in the fifth generation are more energy-efficient than their predecessors.

Fifth-generation computers are available at a pocket-friendly price and hence they are in widespread use in almost every field.

Almost all high-level programming languages are supported in fifth-generation computers.

Disadvantages of Fifth Generation Computers

Some of the disadvantages of the fifth generation of computers are listed below:


A small amount of heat is generated when fifth generation computers are used extensively.

Due to widespread use of computers in the fifth generation, there is a lot of wastage of computers and their parts which negatively affects the environment.

Computers have replaced humans in various fields due to automation, accuracy, and reliability. This has increased unemployment.

Computers are affecting human health and dulling and ruining the creativity and thinking capacity of the human brain.

Computers can be a threat in many cases as various types of cybercrimes can be committed using computer systems.

Fifth-generation computers are making good use of networks and communications; however, some bad people use this technology to spread wrong and inappropriate information to people.

Summary

The fifth-generation period began in 1980 and is still in progress. Fifth-generation computers are based on a combination of technologies, such as ULSI circuits, AI software, and parallel processing hardware. Although there have been many major improvements in fifth generation computers, there is still much room for upgrades.

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10 Major Limitations of Computer System

The limitations of computers primarily define some tasks that computers cannot perform, or in which humans perform better than computers. The term 'limitations' here indicates the drawbacks of a computer system where a computer fails to deliver.


Nowadays, computers can be seen performing various tasks with ease in almost every field, from the easiest to the most difficult. People have become familiar with working on computers over time due to the user-friendly interface and making their lives easier using them. But most people do not know what are the limitations of computers. However, it is important to know how a human being can be better than a computer in terms of technology.

Limitations of the Computer

In this article, we have explained the most common limitations of computers and how humans are better at performing certain tasks. Before going to the limitations, let's take a quick overview of what a computer is:

Introduction to Computer

A computer refers to an advanced electronic device that accepts raw data (input) from users, performs arithmetic and logical operations (processing) at a fast speed, and gives the desired result (output) to users. 

In particular, a computer system performs the functions listed below:

It accepts raw data (inputs) from the user with the help of various input devices.
It performs the required arithmetic and logic operations on the given data.
It converts the processed data into a human-readable form and provides the desired results (outputs) with the help of the output device.



What are the Limitations of Computer?

There are some limitations of the computer systems depending on their ability, dependency, actions, and more. However, the main limitations of the computer include Lack of Common Sense, No IQ, No Feelings, No Thinking Capability, No Decision Making Ability, No Learning Power, User Dependent, No Implementation Power, Cannot Express Ideas, and For Knowledgeable Audience:


Limitations of Computer

Let us discuss each of the above-listed limitations of computers in detail:

Lack of Common-sense

There is no common sense in computers and this is one of the major limitations of computers. They cannot make sound and prudent decisions based on a simple perception of the situation or facts. 

There is no doubt that computers are fast, reliable, and efficient. But they lack any common sense because no full-proof algorithm is designed for computers that could help them program general logic. Computers' functions are entirely based on the stored programs or logics.

For example, read the following sentence: 

“Rahul is red and the flower he is holding is a good person.
Scroll ⇀

If we write this sentence in Word, the computer will not display any error. However, any person would say that this sentence is wrong. It is based on common sense only. The correct sentence should be as below:

“Rahul is a good person and the flower he is holding is red.
Scroll ⇀

No IQ

This is another main limitation of computers. Computers lack Intelligence Quotient (IQ); they typically have zero IQ. In simple words, computers cannot see or think of any specific action as per the corresponding situation. Everything, whatever a computer can do, is already programmed into a computer; No matter how easy or complex the task is.


Computers have become smarter over time as they have given more instructions programmatically. If we try to do a particular task that is not programmed in the computer, then the computer will not do that task. 

No Feelings

The computer is still a machine and therefore has no feelings. Unlike humans, computers do not feel anything. They lack emotion. Even though there are many great inventions in computers, the human heart is still not developed for computers.

Any person would feel tired after working for few hours continuously. On the other hand, computers do not get tired. They can work continuously for hours with the same accuracy and speed. 

No Thinking Capability

Computers cannot think of themselves, which restricts them to do any task on their own. They are machines in which instructions are stored or programmed to perform specific tasks. Computers do not work by thinking themselves, they are given instructions. Otherwise, they are just boxes.

Humans have developed some algorithms to make computers work like humans, such as voice input/output support in Siri or Google speech search. But this concept still relies on stored instructions and is commonly called Artificial Intelligence.

No Decision-Making Ability

Computers are incapable of making decisions because they do not contain the necessary elements. Decision-making is a complex process that usually requires elements such as information, intelligence, knowledge, wisdom, and judgment capability. The computers lack these elements, so they are unable to make decisions. They can only work according to the instructions given by the users.

Computers can be programmed to make decisions about certain situations, which are purely process-oriented. On the other hand, human has great power to make decisions accordingly. Besides, computers are dead machines when there is no power supply. 


No Learning Power

Computers do not have the power to learn, and therefore, they cannot learn things on their own. They have no ability to do any work based on the fact that they have done similar work before. Users have to give data or input each time to get the desired result. Likewise, they must be already programmed to perform certain tasks.

User Dependent

Computers have become so smart, yet they are dependent on the user to take input. If no data is given to the computer, it cannot process the task or provide results. Some modern computers can handle certain automated and repetitive tasks on their own; however, the user still needs to monitor the working process and configure the automation process by giving the correct data.

No Implementation Power

Although computers can store large amounts of data and perform complex operations, they do not have implementation power. This means that computers cannot implement anything on their own. Instead, only humans can set rules and policies for computers and implement them accordingly. 

Suppose we type an incorrect spelling while writing a sentence in MS Word. This will underline the specific spelling in red (only if the spelling and grammar check feature is turned on), which means that the spelling is incorrect. Alternatively, it displays some similar suggestions of spelling that can be used in place of the wrong one. However, only we can select the right spelling from the given suggestions, and implement it in our sentence.

Computers cannot express Ideas

This is one of the biggest limitations of computers where humans can perform far better than computers. For any research, new ideas can play an important role in improvements and innovations. 


Since computers work on programmed instructions and given data, they have no ideas of their own. Therefore, computers cannot express ideas.

Made for Knowledgeable Audience

When it comes to operating a computer, a knowledgeable audience is required. Although it is so easy to run a computer for basic tasks, some basic learning is necessary. Despite this, an IT specialist or programmer may be required to work on some complex tasks. 

Conclusion

This article discusses the 10 essential limitations of computers in which humans perform better than them. Although computers have some limitations or drawbacks, we cannot ignore their importance. Nowadays computers have powerful features and are used in almost every field, allowing us to ignore their limitations. Computers are a necessity in this modern era.


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JAVA Full Form: What is the full form of JAVA?

JAVA is a very common term in computers and programming. Most people get confused about the full form of the word because there are websites explaining the various meanings of the word. This mainly leads people to more confusion about the actual explanation of the JAVA full form.


In this article, we have discussed and clarified all the confusion about the full form of JAVA. The article also discusses other details such as what is JAVA, brief history, applications, and features. 

What You Will Learn


What is the full form of JAVA?

Before we discuss the full form of JAVA, we should know that the term Java is not really an abbreviated term, and therefore, it does not have a definite full form. Besides, it is the name of a computer-based programming language that is mainly used to develop computer-based applications. JAVA was decided on the basis of the name Java Coffee which the developers were drinking while thinking of a new name for this particular programming language. 

Note: Java coffee is usually a coffee prepared using coffee beans from the island of Java which is located between Sumatra and Bali in Indonesia. Some people also call coffee beans as java beans. Furthermore, ‘Javanese’ is the Indonesian language that people use to interact with each other, which is completely different from the JAVA programming language.

Apart from this, programmers and developers have coined their imaginary full forms of the term JAVA. The most popular and commonly used full form of JAVA is "Just Another Virtual Accelerator". Even though the word JAVA has no special meaning or full form, this full form is used jokingly by people.

Full Form of JAVA

The full form of JAVA can be explained as:

J Just
A Another
V Virtual
A Accelerator

Let’s talk about what JAVA is:

What is JAVA?

JAVA is a general-purpose, object-oriented, class-based computer programming language designed to have as few implementation dependencies as possible. This typically allows programmers and developers to Write Once, Run Anywhere (WORA) mechanism. According to this, a JAVA code that has been compiled can run on other JAVA-supported platforms without recompilation. JAVA applications are usually compiled for byte code that is free to run on any JVM (stands for 'Java virtual machine') regardless of the underlying computer architecture.

The syntax of JAVA is relatively similar to C and C ++ and was designed to overcome their drawbacks. JAVA has low-level features and can help to create a single application to run on various platforms, such as Windows, UNIX, etc. Additionally, JAVA allows programmers to develop applications that can also run on an Internet browser.  


Brief History of JAVA

JAVA programming language was introduced by Sun Microsystems (which has now been acquired by Oracle), an initiative started by James Gosling. He started the project in mid-1991 for his set-top box-related project. At the initial state, the language was named 'Oak' which was taken from an oak tree that was situated outside his office. But this name was already a trademark of another organization named Oak Technologies. Later, the name was changed to ‘Green’ and many other names. 

Because the name did not seem appropriate and caused confusion in people, the name went through about 15 titles, ultimately ending with JAVA, DNA, and SILK. Finally, JAVA was finalized, derived from Java Coffee. It was released in 1995 as the first public implementation and core component of Sun Microsystem's JAVA platform.

Applications of JAVA

JAVA programming language is mainly used for developing applications for different platforms. Some of the most common applications that we can create using JAVA are listed below:

Mobile App Development
Web-based Applications
Desktop GUI Applications
Distributed Applications
Gaming Applications
Cloud-Based Applications
Big Data Technologies
IoT Applications
Business Applications
Enterprise Applications
Scientific Applications


Features of JAVA

The following are some essential features of JAVA:

JAVA is scalable. This means that we can upgrade system resources to increase the performance to handle extreme workloads.

JAVA is a cross-platform language, which means that the programs developed through JAVA can run on almost every platform. However, there must be a JVM (Java Virtual Machine) support in the corresponding platform.

JAVA uses an efficient mechanism for the Memory-management. We are not required to allocate or release the memory ourselves; JAVA automatically manages the memory as per the requirements.

JAVA is a multi-threaded language. This allows JAVA to execute two or more threads simultaneously using the maximum power of system resources. 

Summary

JAVA is the name of a programming language. It is not an abbreviation and has no definite full form. However, people have created a fictionalized full form of JAVA, which is the 'Just Another Virtual Accelerator'.




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