Fifth generation of computer: AI & ULSI

The fifth generation of computers is by far the most successful generation of computers. In this generation, there have been significant changes in computer technology that make computers extraordinary. Although the fifth generation is in progress, computers have received several major benefits compared to their predecessors.

Fifth Generation of Computer

This article discusses about the fifth generation of computers, its history, examples, features, advantages, and disadvantages, etc. Let's understand this:

What You Will Learn

What is the fifth generation of Computer?

Instead of VLSI technology used in fourth-generation computers, fifth-generation computers received a major upgrade and VLSI technology was replaced with ULSI (Ultra Large Scale Integration) technology. This revolutionized the development of microprocessors. This helped manufacturers assemble around ten million electronic components on a microprocessor chip.

In addition to ULSI technology, fifth-generation computers were also based on AI (artificial intelligence), which is still in the development stage, and parallel processing hardware. Artificial intelligence is an emerging technology in computer science that primarily helps to make computers more realistic. This means that it enables computers to think like humans; however, there is still room for much improvement.

The period of the fifth generation of computers is considered from 1980 to the present day, which simply means that the fifth generation is the ongoing generation of computers. Nowadays computers are using ULSI circuits, AI software, and parallel processing hardware. The main objective of all these technologies is to introduce technology in computers that can respond to natural languages.

Fifth Generation of Computer - AI

Artificial intelligence is a very broad category in computer science that incorporates various other technologies. Some of the main elements in AI include the following:

Neural networking
Natural language understanding and generation
Game playing
Development of advanced systems that can take decisions based on real-life situations

Fifth-generation computers are incorporated with logic programming and massively parallel computing. In terms of programming languages, all high-level languages are used in fifth generation computers. Some of the most common languages are C, C ++, Java, .Net, etc. In addition, multi-threaded and distributed operating systems are used in fifth generation computers, which help in easy multitasking. 

Examples of Fifth Generation Computers

One of the most popular examples of artificial intelligence in computer technology was 'Watson', introduced around 2011 by IBM. It was software running on a computer and was featured as a contestant on the TV show Jeopardy. It was able to answer various questions, yet was based entirely on unstructured data and lacked the ability to think like humans. It eventually led the development to create a new generation of technology.

Nowadays there are many applications based on AI and now it is being combined with computer internal processing and networking systems. For example, the voice recognition feature is a very small type of functionality that works on AI. Siri used in Apple's iPhone and Cortana on Windows computers are some of the software that work on speech recognition. Besides, Google also uses AI to process better search engine results and display ads based on users' interests.

Fifth Generation of the Computer - Laptop

There are many potential applications of artificial intelligence that are included in fifth-generation devices. Some common examples of fifth-generation computers are listed below:

Tablet, etc.

Characteristics of Fifth Generation Computers

Some essential characteristics or features of the fifth generation computers are as follows:

Use of ULSI technology
Advancement in true AI-based technology
Improvements in Parallel Processing
Use of Natural language processing
Advanced superconductor techniques
Highly user-friendly interfaces including the multimedia support
Use of Optical fiber in manufacturing circuits
Advancement in storage capacity and speed with HDD and SSD
Advancement in  computer networks and the Internet

Advantages of Fifth Generation Computers

Some of the advantages of the fifth generation of computers are listed below:

Due to the use of AI in fifth generation computers, computers have been able to understand human language and can also recognize pictures of individuals and things.

Fifth-generation computers are very compact in size and can be easily carried from one place to another. Besides, they are also available in various sizes and features.

The speed of computer systems in the fifth generation is much better than the previous generation computers. Also, they are more reliable and accurate.

The user interface in fifth generation computers is very friendly, making them easy to operate.

There is no major heating issue in fifth generation computers.

Computers developed in the fifth generation are more energy-efficient than their predecessors.

Fifth-generation computers are available at a pocket-friendly price and hence they are in widespread use in almost every field.

Almost all high-level programming languages are supported in fifth-generation computers.

Disadvantages of Fifth Generation Computers

Some of the disadvantages of the fifth generation of computers are listed below:

A small amount of heat is generated when fifth generation computers are used extensively.

Due to widespread use of computers in the fifth generation, there is a lot of wastage of computers and their parts which negatively affects the environment.

Computers have replaced humans in various fields due to automation, accuracy, and reliability. This has increased unemployment.

Computers are affecting human health and dulling and ruining the creativity and thinking capacity of the human brain.

Computers can be a threat in many cases as various types of cybercrimes can be committed using computer systems.

Fifth-generation computers are making good use of networks and communications; however, some bad people use this technology to spread wrong and inappropriate information to people.


The fifth-generation period began in 1980 and is still in progress. Fifth-generation computers are based on a combination of technologies, such as ULSI circuits, AI software, and parallel processing hardware. Although there have been many major improvements in fifth generation computers, there is still much room for upgrades.


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